2022年福建成人高考专升本《英语)》科目复习重点6:被动语态

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        2022年福建成人高考考试时间定于2022年10月15日和16日,准备报考专升本层次的考生,需参加政治、外语及专业基础课三门必考科目的考试,成考帮考前辅导平台提醒各位考生提前进行复习,科学备考。此外,成考帮考前辅导平台为帮助各位考生更有效的复习,将逐步对各层次、各科目的复习重点进行整理发布,以供考生参考。本次更新内容为《2022年福建成人高考专升本《英语)》科目复习重点6:被动语态》,请考生注意。


  一般现在时的被动语态:


  承受者 + be (is/am/are) + done(过去分词)+ by + 执行者。


  eg. Many schools are built(done)every year in the city.


  注意:地点状语,时间状语一般都放在句末;in the city 特指。


  其中be的使用取决于主语的单复形式。


  A lot of修饰可数和不可数名词


  Many修饰可数名词


  Mach修饰不可数名词


  主动:They all read(原形)English every day.


  被动:English read (过去分词)by all of them every day.


  主动:Mother often scolds me.


  被动:I am often scolded by mother.


  一般过去式的被动语态:


  承受者 + be (was/were) + done(过去分词)+ by + 执行者(不明确时可省略)。


  eg. 主动:He repaired his bike yesterday.


  被动:His bike was repaired by him yesterday.


  主动:Children cleaned many streets last Sunday.


  被动:Many streets were cleaned by children last Sunday.


  现在进行时的被动语态:


  承受者 + be (is/am/are) + being(现在分词)+ done + by + 执行者(不明确时可省略)。


  eg. 主动:He is writing his composition.


  被动:His composition is being written by him.


  注意:write – wrote - written


  过去进行时的被动语态:


  承受者 + be (was/were) + being(现在分词)+ done + by + 执行者(不明确时可省略)。


  eg. 主动:He was majoring computer during his college.


  被动:Computer was being majored by him during his college.


  将来时的被动语态:


  承受者 + be going to/will (shall) be动词原形/be to be done + by + 执行者(不明确时可省略)。


  eg.1 A big supermarket will/shall/be to be built here next year


  注意:be to用以表示计划或安排好的动作或行为。


  eg.2 The flight is to leave for Hefei city.


  现在完成时的被动语态:


  承受者 + have(复数主语)/has been done + by + 执行者(不明确时可省略)。


  eg. 主动:Our School has finished many scientific researches.


  被动:Many scientific researches have been finished by our school.


  将来时态的被动语态:


  承受者 + (be going to/will/shall/be to) + have been done + by + 执行者。


  eg. 主动:We'll have finished the book by the end of September.


  被动:The book will/shall have been finished by the end of September.


  注意:by the end of 短语的用法


  (1)Will have done by the end of + 将来时态


  (2)Had done by the end of + 过去完成时态


  eg. The project had been made by the end of last week.


  温馨提示:专升本《英语》科目的考试时间是下午14时至17时30分,考试时间为150分钟,满分150分。


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